Milling Machine is, a device that rotates a circular tool that has a number of cutting edges symmetrically arranged about its axis; the workpiece is commonly held in a vise or similar device clamped to a table that can move in three perpendicular directions.
A horizontal machining center employs a spindle that is parallel to the ground floor. With a horizontally oriented spindle, tools stick out of the side of the tool holder and cut across the side of a work-piece, encouraging chips to fall away from the table. These are used to create features like key way, slots, fillets chamfers, gear and other profiles.
Configuration of a typical horizontal milling machine
Max load table (kg)
1530/1520 mm (Manual/Auto)
360/345 mm (Manual/Auto)
630/610 mm (Manual/Auto)
Cutting feed speed (mm/min)
X/ Y: 16-1800 Z: 5-250
Rapid feed speed (mm/min)
X/Y: 3000 Z: 1000
Spindle speed range (RPM)
Spindle speed step
Distance between spindle nose and table surface (mm)
Vertical milling, also known as vertical machining, removes metal from a workpiece using rotary cutters. A vertical machining centre (VMC) uses a vertically oriented spindle to do vertical machining. Tools stick straight down from the tool holder when using a vertically oriented spindle, and frequently cut across the top of a workpiece.
The milling operation utilizes a rotating cutter as a cutting tool to produce prismatic parts, contrary to only axisymmetric parts in turning operation. Similar to the CNC turning machines, the CNC milling machines rely on the G-and M-code for motion control and tool feeding. A 2-D and 3-D CAD model can be directly imported to the CNC milling machines, which subsequently converts the drawing or CAD model into G-and M- codes and performs complex machining operations.
Configurations of a CNC milling machine
XK7124 / XK7124A
X axis travel (mm)
430 (Optional : 530)
Y axis travel (mm)
Z axis travel (mm)
Distance spindle nose to table surface (mm)
Distance center of spindle to column (mm)
T Slot (width in mm × qty in numbers × spaces in mm)